A healthy mouth is characterized by pink gums, without swelling and that do not bleed when brushing. Hormonal changes may, however, cause a reaction in the gums and the presence of bio-film (dental plaque) can aggravate this situation. Swelling, redness, tenderness and spontaneous bleeding are possible. This condition of the gums is abnormal but can return to normal quickly thanks to good care and maintenance of good oral hygiene daily, by brushing with a toothbrush with soft bristles a fluoride toothpaste.
Since no toothbrush can reach the contact surfaces between the teeth and the gap between the gum and tooth, tooth decay and gum disease can develop. Only dental floss can complete the cleaning of these surfaces.
Cracks in the tongue contain dead cells, bio-film (dental plaque) and food debris that can only be removed with a toothbrush or tongue cleaner.
It is appropriate to consume enough dairy products and each of the other food groups. Fresh fruits and vegetables and some cheeses are great snacks.
Sweetened energy drinks as well as sticky and sweet foods should be limited. If such foods are consumed, immediate brushing is indicated. The sugars and the absence of brushing promote the production of acid and thus initiate the first stage of tooth decay. The more the consumption of sugars is frequent, the more enamel involvement progresses towards the inside of the tooth (dentin and pulp) and the more the decay spreads.
The visits every six or twelve months, can detect beginner caries, gum disease and other diseases (oral lesions, wisdom teeth, etc.). The advice, the preventive methods, the proposed treatments and the frequency are personalized to the oral condition of each one.
The friction of a piercing in the cheek, tongue or lip can create wear or fracture of a tooth, as well as irritation, bleeding and loosening of the gums. In addition, piercings are an open door for bacteria and the many risks of infections can affect the general health and leave aftereffects for several years.
You may be one of the 75% of smokers who want to quit this habit but need help. Like all health professionals, the dental hygienist has information about it. The very first signs of the harmful effects of tobacco are manifested in the mouth, so the smoker is informed of the condition of his mouth at each visit.
Halitosis or bad breath, can be occasional or chronic, that is to say that it persists in spite of a good oral hygiene. Hormonal changes, medical problems or medications can alter your breath.
However, the most common causes come from the oral cavity: poor hygiene, dental problems (eg tooth decay, abscesses, gum disease, etc.), mouth breathing, tobacco, certain foods, etc. Good daily oral hygiene, healthy lifestyle habits and regularly performed cleanings and office care eliminate many of the causes of halitosis.
Stains caused by tobacco and soda, for example, can usually be removed during professional cleaning. In a healthy person whose teeth are mature and healthy, the hue can be changed through bleaching. The result varies according to the color of the tooth and its response to the whitening product. The dental hygienist must first provide the patient with all the required information: benefits, risks, side effects, proper hygiene advice, etc.
During orthodontic treatments, oral hygiene requires more ardor. In order to facilitate the control of the bio-film (dental plaque), specially designed toothbrushes are available (orthodontic brushes), an electric toothbrush can be indicated and the use of small brushes to clean between the rings … have the right to the best advice: the dental hygienist is your accomplice!
When present, the wisdom teeth (third molars) erupt between 17 and 22 years. Depending on their position, or the space available, the third molars must sometimes be extracted (eg: malposition, lack of space, etc.)
Hollow areas and furrows in the chewing surface of permanent teeth easily trap food debris and bacteria from the bio-film (dental plaque). This promotes the development of cavities. When the premolars and the second permanent molars finish their eruption (between 11 and 15 years old) and the furrows are deep, the sealing may be advisable. Combined with good hygiene, this treatment performed by the dental hygienist, helps to prevent decay of masticatory surfaces.
These are very sweet drinks, responsible for caries and also dental erosion.
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