One of the main consequences of not replacing a toothless space is the migration of neighboring teeth. This phenomenon occurs when a tooth is extracted and is not replaced. Adjacent teeth will tend to tilt to fill the space left by the extraction. We may also notice bone resorption that occurs after a tooth is removed. This decrease of the bone increases with time and ends up touching the teeth near the space that are still in place. In addition, the replacement of missing teeth facilitates chewing thus promoting digestion. It also helps maintain good speech and prevents problems of temporomandibular joint. There are several ways to replace missing teeth,
The conventional bridge
It is composed of crowns held together and fixed in the mouth by cementing them. Its main function is to replace the missing teeth and by the same, it crowns the neighboring teeth. It is recommended when adjacent teeth have already undergone large restorations. This type of prosthesis is fixed, it offers great stability and is very aesthetic, however a good maintenance should be done regularly to optimize the duration of this type of prosthesis.
Removable partial denture
It is often used to replace one or more teeth. The removable prosthesis consists of an alloy of metal, acrylic and hooks that are used to rest on the teeth always present in the mouth to provide better stability. It must be cleaned every day because as on our natural teeth scale and plaque can accumulate. It is also very important to remove at night to promote oxygenation of the gingiva under the prosthesis.
The dental implant
The implant is a great way to replace one or more missing teeth. In addition to filling the space, he fights the phenomenon of bone resorption. It consists of a titanium rod inserted into the bone thus replacing the root of the tooth. The implant serves as inking for the mouthing of prosthetic restorations. It offers great stability, long service life (when well maintained), comfort and easy maintenance, as well as maintaining bone mass.
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